Seroprevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection among schoolchildren in southern Taiwan—A 20-year longitudinal follow-up

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Helicobacter pylori infection is primarily acquired in childhood and can lead to peptic ulcer diseases and gastric cancer. The prevalence of H. pylori infection varies widely in different countries. The aim of this study was to explore the change of pediatric H. pylori seroprevalence in the past two decades and to investigate the risk factors for pediatric H. pylori seropositivity in southern Taiwan. Materials and Methods: This study enrolled children aged 7–12 years in Tainan City in 2018 and compared the result with our previous data in 1998, 2005, and 2010. Parents of the participants were invited to fill out questionnaires, including information of personal history, family history of peptic ulcer diseases, annual household income, and source of drinking water. Blood samples were analyzed for anti-H. pylori IgG by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results: A total of 391, 629, 618, and 488 elementary school students in Tainan City were enrolled in 1998, 2005, 2010, and 2018, respectively. There was a significant decline in H. pylori seroprevalence from 9.2% in 1998, 7.8% in 2005, 6.2% in 2010 to 4.7% in 2018 (p < 0.001). Neither gender difference nor age difference was found in H. pylori seropositivity in each year of enrollment. Low household income was significantly associated with pediatric H. pylori seropositivity. Conclusions: The seroprevalence of H. pylori infection among elementary schoolchildren has remarkably declined in southern Taiwan in the past two decades. Low household income was a risk factor for pediatric H. pylori seropositivity.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere13049
JournalHelicobacter
Volume29
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024 Jan 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Gastroenterology
  • Infectious Diseases

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Seroprevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection among schoolchildren in southern Taiwan—A 20-year longitudinal follow-up'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this