Serum N-glycome characterization and anti-carbohydrate antibody profiling in oral squamous cell carcinoma patients

Shih Yun Guu, Tsung Hsien Lin, Su Chieh Chang, Rei Jing Wang, Ling Yi Hung, Po Jan Fang, Wei Chien Tang, Peiwen Yu, Chuan Fa Chang

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8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Glycosylation is a protein post translational modification which plays important role in protein function, stabilization, trafficking, and turnover. Alteration of protein glycosylation is a common phenomenon during tumor progression, migration, invasion, angiogenesis, as well as metastasis. Hence, aberrant glycan structures and the induced corresponding anti-carbohydrate antibodies are potential biomarkers for cancer diagnosis. In this study, serum N-glycomes and anti-carbohydrate antibodies from normal populations and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) patients were investigated. Total serum proteins were lyophilized and subjected to chemical reduction, alkylation and trypsin digestion. The N-glycans were released, purified, permethylated, and analyzed using MALDI-TOF-Mass spectrometry. In addition, the serum anti-carbohydrate antibody profiles were also investigated by carbohydrate microarray. We found that the relative abundances of seven N-glycans were decreased or increased in serum of OSCC with diagnostic accuracy greater than 75%. The relative abundances of total tri-antennary and tetra-antennary glycans with varying degrees of fucosylation and sialylation were also increased in serum N-glycomes of OSCC. In an independent validation group of forty-eight OCCC patients, most of the high-molecular weight serum N-glycans showed significantly high sensitivity and specificity according to the identified cutoff values. Furthermore, the serum levels of two IgM antibodies were elevated accompanied with the decreased levels of nine IgG antibodies in patient serum. Taken together, these serum N-glycans and antibodies identified in this study should be considered as the candidates of potential biomarkers for OSCC diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0178927
JournalPloS one
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jun

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

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    Guu, S. Y., Lin, T. H., Chang, S. C., Wang, R. J., Hung, L. Y., Fang, P. J., Tang, W. C., Yu, P., & Chang, C. F. (2017). Serum N-glycome characterization and anti-carbohydrate antibody profiling in oral squamous cell carcinoma patients. PloS one, 12(6), [e0178927]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0178927