Sesamin, a lignan from sesame oil, has been shown to have antihypertensive and antioxidative properties. This study examined the effects of sesamin on oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL)induced endothelial dysfunction. Oxidative stress was determined by measuring the generation of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and by measuring the expression levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS). To assess the pro-inflammatory effects of oxLDL, ELISA was used to detect IL-8 expression, endothelin-1 (ET-1) secretion, and nuclear factorκB (NF-κB) activation. The expression of adhesion molecules (ICAM-1, VCAM-1, and E-selectin) was examined by flow cytometry. In addition, several apoptotic signaling pathways were also Investigated. The data showed that sesamin significantly ameliorated oxLDL-induced ROS generation and SOD-1 inactivation. Sesamin also attenuated the oxLDL-induced activation of NF-KB, suggesting that the inhibitory effects of sesamin on IL-8 and ET-1 release, adhesion molecule expression, and the adherence of THP-1 cells were at least partially through the blockade of NF-KB activation. Furthermore, sesamin attenuated oxLDL-induced apoptotic features, such as intracellular calcium accumulation and the subsequent collapse of mitochondrial membrane potential, release of cytochrome c, and activation of caspase-3. Results from this study may provide Insight into possible molecular mechanisms underlying sesamin's beneficial effects against oxLDL-mediated vascular endothelial dysfunction.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)