Short-run and long-run efficiency measures for multiplant firms

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12 Citations (Scopus)


The usual Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) model for measuring the relative efficiency assumes that all plants belong to distinct firms superior to them. For firms with more than one plant, Koopmans proposes a procedure for deriving the short-run production frontier for each firm. Modifying his idea, a DEA model is constructed in this paper for measuring the short-run efficiency of each plant within a firm. Based on the theory of production economics that the long-run production frontier is an envelop super-imposed upon all short-run production frontiers, another DEA model is constructed to measure the long-run efficiency of every plant. The long-run efficiency is always smaller than or equal to the short-run efficiency. Consequently, it is possible that an inefficient plant can only be improved in the long-run. With the models constructed in this paper, a decision-maker is able to distinguish between what can be achieved in the short-run and what in the long-run. To clarify the idea, an example of Taiwan forests is adopted for illustration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)379-388
Number of pages10
JournalAnnals of Operations Research
Issue number1-4
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Dec 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Decision Sciences(all)
  • Management Science and Operations Research


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