Shrimp SIRT4 promotes white spot syndrome virus replication

Yu Kent Tan, Brandon Rafael de Jesús Castillo-Corea, Ramya Kumar, Ping Hung Lai, Shih Shun Lin, Han Ching Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In WSSV pathogenesis, the molecular mechanisms and the key host factors that regulate the viral replication and morphogenesis remain unclear. However, like most viruses, WSSV is known to induce metabolic reprogramming in several metabolic pathways including the host glutamine metabolism, and several recent reports have suggested that the sirtuins SIRT3, SIRT4, and SIRT5, which belong to a family of NAD+-dependent deacetylases, play an important role in this regulation. Here we focus on characterizing LvSIRT4 from Litopenaeus vannamei and investigate its role in regulating glutamine dehydrogenase (GDH), an important enzyme that promotes glutaminolysis and viral replication. We found that LvSIRT4 silencing led to significant decreases in both WSSV gene expression and the number of viral genome copies. Conversely, overexpression of LvSIRT4 led to significant increases in the expression of WSSV genes and the WSSV genome copy number. Immunostaining in Sf9 insect cells confirmed the presence of LvSIRT4 in the mitochondria and the co-localization of LvSIRT4 and LvGDH in the same cellular locations. In vivo gene silencing of LvSIRT4 significantly reduced the gene expression of LvGDH whereas LvSIRT4 overexpression had no effect. However, neither silencing nor overexpression had any effect on the protein expression levels of LvGDH. Lastly, although GDH activity in uninfected shrimp was unchanged, the GDH enzyme activity in WSSV-infected shrimp was significantly increased after both LvSIRT4 silencing and overexpression. This suggests that although there may be no direct regulation, LvSIRT4 might still be able to indirectly regulate LvGDH via the mediation of one or more WSSV proteins that have yet to be identified.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109328
JournalFish and Shellfish Immunology
Publication statusPublished - 2024 Feb

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Aquatic Science
  • Immunology and Microbiology (miscellaneous)


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