Significant experiences of token therapy from the perspective of psychotic patients

Mei Feng Lin, Jaw Haw Chiou, Mei Hsien Chou, Mei Chi Hsu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of this study was to explore the perceived the significant experiences of psychiatric patients related to token therapy. A qualitative in-depth interview was applied to collect individual opinions and perceptions. The 13 patients included in this study, all of whom had been diagnosed with mental disorders, received a six-month program of token therapy. Semi-structured interviews of approximately 40 minutes each were held with each participant and transcribed for further analysis in accordance with the principals of content analysis. The three significant domains of experience of participants receiving token therapy included: (1) acknowledgement of token therapy significance, (2) appreciation of each step in terms of personal achievement, and (3) reinforcement from personal changes and family support. Findings support the application of token therapy in psychiatric rehabilitation settings using the strategy of applying appropriate positive or negative logos to communicate reinforcement in an immediate manner that is further enhanced by the public tracking of accumulated patient scores on an evaluation board. In this manner, the therapeutic environment is imbued with a critical empowerment function. The effective application in the future of token therapy in mental health rehabilitation programs is recommended.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)315-323
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Nursing Research
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Dec

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nursing(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Significant experiences of token therapy from the perspective of psychotic patients'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this