Silicon–Nanodiamond-Based Anode for a Lithium-Ion Battery

Cheng Ying Jhan, Shi Hong Sung, Yonhua Tzeng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Maintaining the physical integrity of a silicon-based anode, which suffers from damage caused by severe volume changes during cycling, is a top priority in its practical applications. The performance of silicon-flake-based anodes has been significantly improved by mixing nanodiamond powders with silicon flakes for the fabrication of anodes for lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). Nanodiamonds adhere to the surfaces of silicon flakes and are distributed in the binder between flakes. A consistent and robust solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) is promoted by the aid of abundant reactive surface-linked functional groups and exposed dangling bonds of nanodiamonds, leading to enhanced physical integrity of the silicon flakes and the anode. The battery’s high-rate discharge capabilities and cycle life are thus improved. SEM, Raman spectroscopy, and XRD were applied to examine the structure and morphology of the anode. Electrochemical performance was evaluated to demonstrate a capacity retention of nearly 75% after 200 cycles, with the final specific capacity exceeding 1000 mAh/g at a test current of 4 mA/cm2. This is attributed to the improved stability of the solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) structure that was achieved by integrating nanodiamonds with silicon flakes in the anode, leading to enhanced cycling stability and rapid charge-discharge performance. The results from this study present an effective strategy of achieving high-cycling-performance by adding nanodiamonds to silicon-flake-based anodes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number43
JournalNanomaterials
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024 Jan

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Materials Science

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