We theoretically explore the mechanism in a thulium Qswitched ytterbium-doped all-fiber fiber laser using a set of rate equations to model the correlations between the photons and the five energy levels of thulium involved in the Q switching mechanism. We demonstrate that by coupling with a gain-switched resonator, the Q-switched laser is stabilized up to the maximum pulsing rate that is limited by the lifetime of level 3H5. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study that revealed that level 3H5 plays an essential role in reinitialization, achieving sequential pulses, and limiting the maximum repetition rate.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics