Simulation of PEM fuel cells connected with power converters used for autonomous underwater vehicles

Chien-Hsing Lee, Jian Ting Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper simulates the electrical behavior of a Ballard Mark V 35-cell 5 kW PEM (proton exchange membrane) fuel cell with power converters under load changes in order to assess whether it can be used as an energy source to power an autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV). Since the fuel cell produces an unregulated dc output voltage, PWM (pulse width modulated) dc-dc converters are connected to the studied fuel cell for converting the unregulated voltage into 5-, 12-, 24-, 24-48-, 120-and 150-V and supplying to the AUV's loads. The fuel cell model considered in this paper consisted of the double-layer charging effect, gas diffusion in the electrodes and the thermodynamic characteristic. Moreover, dc-dc converters are assumed to operate in continuous-conduction mode with a voltage-mode control compensator. The models of the fuel cell and dc-dc converters have been implemented in a MATLAB/SIMULINK. environment. Results show the output voltages of the Ballard Mark V PEM fuel cell with dc-dc power conversion during a load change are stable.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)353-366
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Electrical Engineering
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Oct 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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