Objective. This study was performed to determine the biomechanics of chair rising by pregnant women. Design. Relative body joint position and ground reaction forces were measured by a motion analysis system and one force plate. Background. Physiological and psychological changes during pregnancy impose postural demands and limit the performance of daily living activities such as rising from sitting to standing position. Methods. Twenty-four pregnant women, divided into three groups, were studied performing sit-to-stand transition from an armless and adjustable chair. By kinematic and kinetic analysis, the angles and moments of hip, knee and ankle joints were investigated. Results. The chair height has great influence on knee joint and hip joint moments, but less on ankle joints. In the third trimester for all chair heights, because of a marked increase in abdominal depth, the maximum hip moment is significantly less than that in first trimester, while the maximum knee moment is significantly larger. Pregnant women in third trimester produced larger knee moment during sit-to-stand transition from lower chair height. Conclusion. The mechanism of sit-to-stand is affected by the physical changes of pregnant women at different periods of pregnancy, e.g. increased loading of knee joint and decreased hip joint moment, especially in the last trimester period of pregnancy. Relevance - It is suggested that pregnant women in third trimester use a higher chair to decrease joint loading during chair-rise.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine