Background: New mothers commonly report sleep deprivation and sleep disturbances during the first 3 postpartum months. A better understanding of factors related to postpartum sleep quality is necessary to develop interventions to improve sleep quality in postpartum women. Purpose: This study explored the impact of specific demographic and obstetric factors on the subjective sleep quality of postpartum women. Methods: We used a cross-sectional, correlational study design. A convenience sample of 202 women in their fourth to sixth postpartum week was recruited from two hospitals in southern Taiwan. A demographic data form and the Postpartum Sleep Quality Scale were used to collect data. Results: The mean Postpartum Sleep Quality Scale score of participants was 22.82 (SD = 8.16), indicating a mild level of sleep disturbance. We found that better sleep quality correlated positively with a satisfactory childbirth experience and correlated negatively with daily time spent on household work. Pain, discomfort, and fear were the main dimensions associated with unsatisfactory childbirth experiences. Conclusions/Implications for Practice: Study results recommend that health professionals should improve current protocols to help women better confront and manage childbirth-related pain, discomfort, and fear. Evidence-based postnatal education for parents should highlight the positive relationship between reduced daily household workloads and sleep quality for new mothers.
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