Small molecule T315 promotes casitas b-lineage lymphoma dependent degradation of epidermal growth factor receptor via Y1045 autophosphorylation

Kuo Yen Huang, Shih Han Kao, Wen Lung Wang, Chi Yuan Chen, Tzu Hung Hsiao, Santosh B. Salunke, Jeremy J.W. Chen, Kang Yi Su, Shuenn Chen Yang, Tse Ming Hong, Ching Shih Chen, Pan Chyr Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


Rationale: Despite the fact that tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have been found effective in treating patients harboring activating mutations of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), an acquired secondary mutation, T790M, which lowers the affinity to TKIs, can lead to EGFR TKI resistance after this standard treatment. Objectives: To evaluate the effect of small molecule T315 on EGFR degradation and its therapeutic efficacy in vitro and in vivo. Methods: Lung adenocarcinoma cells were treated with T315, and cell proliferation and apoptotic proportion were determined by the CellTiter 96 AQueous MTS (3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-5- [3-carboxymethoxyphenyl]-2-[4-sulfophenyl]-2H-tetrazolium, inner salt) assay and flow cytometry. The effects of T315 on EGFR mRNA and protein levels, autophosphorylation, ubiquitination, and degradation were evaluated by real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blot, respectively. Direct targeting of T315 to EGFR was confirmed bythe in vitro kinase assayandmass spectrometry. Finally, the preclinical effect of T315 was validated in the murine xenograft model in combination with a second-generation TKI, afatinib. Measurements and Main Results: We identified T315 as a novel, potent small molecule for suppressing cancer cell proliferation in vitro and in vivo. The therapeutic effect was verified after T315 was combined with a second-generation TKI, afatinib, compared with a single drug administration. We found a new mechanism of action, in that T315 appears to directly bind EGFR and triggers EGFR-Y1045 autophosphorylation, whereby its degradation is triggered through the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. Conclusions: Our evidence suggests that T315 is a novel class of anticancerdrugthatisabletoinhibitthegrowthofEGFR-TKI resistant lung adenocarcinoma cells by inducing the degradation of EGFR.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)753-766
Number of pages14
JournalAmerican Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Apr 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine


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