Social cohesion and health in old age

A study in southern Taiwan

Wenling Chen, Kiyohito Okumiya, Taizo Wada, Ryota Sakamoto, Hissei Imai, Yasuko Ishimoto, Yumi Kimura, Eriko Fukutomi, Michiko Fujisawa, Hsin-I Shih, Chia-Ming Chang, Kozo Matsubayashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Previous studies have found that social cohesion and trust (SCT) were associated with psychological well-being and physical health. In this study, we investigated the associations between SCT and mental and physical health among community-dwelling elderly in a town in southern Taiwan. Methods: The study population consisted of 149 community-dwelling elderly aged 65 years and older (68 men, 81 women; mean age, 75.4 ± 6.1 years) residing in the town of Dashe in southern Taiwan. Activities of daily living (ADL), SCT, depression, subjective quality of life (QOL), current medical status, past medical history, and health behaviors were assessed in face-to-face interviews. Objective neurobehavioral functions were assessed using the timed up & go (TUG) test, functional reach test, and handgrip test. Results: Scores for ADL and Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) were significantly correlated with SCT, and SCT was significantly correlated with all subjective QOL items. In addition, a strong correlation was observed between SCT and relationship with friends. Values for SCT (median ≥ 20) were significantly associated with both subjective sense of health (median ≥ 68) and subjective happiness (median ≥ 73) after adjusting for age, sex, and ADL. Conclusion: SCT is an important variable that influences self-rated health and happiness, independently of ADL, age, and sex. When assessing geriatric psychological function, SCT should be examined more carefully, given its association with subjective sense of health and happiness, depression, and physical function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1903-1911
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Psychogeriatrics
Volume27
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Nov 1

Fingerprint

Taiwan
Health
Activities of Daily Living
Happiness
Independent Living
Diagnostic Self Evaluation
Depression
Geriatrics
Quality of Life
Psychology
Health Behavior
Mental Health
Interviews
Population

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Chen, W., Okumiya, K., Wada, T., Sakamoto, R., Imai, H., Ishimoto, Y., ... Matsubayashi, K. (2015). Social cohesion and health in old age: A study in southern Taiwan. International Psychogeriatrics, 27(11), 1903-1911. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1041610214002907
Chen, Wenling ; Okumiya, Kiyohito ; Wada, Taizo ; Sakamoto, Ryota ; Imai, Hissei ; Ishimoto, Yasuko ; Kimura, Yumi ; Fukutomi, Eriko ; Fujisawa, Michiko ; Shih, Hsin-I ; Chang, Chia-Ming ; Matsubayashi, Kozo. / Social cohesion and health in old age : A study in southern Taiwan. In: International Psychogeriatrics. 2015 ; Vol. 27, No. 11. pp. 1903-1911.
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abstract = "Background: Previous studies have found that social cohesion and trust (SCT) were associated with psychological well-being and physical health. In this study, we investigated the associations between SCT and mental and physical health among community-dwelling elderly in a town in southern Taiwan. Methods: The study population consisted of 149 community-dwelling elderly aged 65 years and older (68 men, 81 women; mean age, 75.4 ± 6.1 years) residing in the town of Dashe in southern Taiwan. Activities of daily living (ADL), SCT, depression, subjective quality of life (QOL), current medical status, past medical history, and health behaviors were assessed in face-to-face interviews. Objective neurobehavioral functions were assessed using the timed up & go (TUG) test, functional reach test, and handgrip test. Results: Scores for ADL and Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) were significantly correlated with SCT, and SCT was significantly correlated with all subjective QOL items. In addition, a strong correlation was observed between SCT and relationship with friends. Values for SCT (median ≥ 20) were significantly associated with both subjective sense of health (median ≥ 68) and subjective happiness (median ≥ 73) after adjusting for age, sex, and ADL. Conclusion: SCT is an important variable that influences self-rated health and happiness, independently of ADL, age, and sex. When assessing geriatric psychological function, SCT should be examined more carefully, given its association with subjective sense of health and happiness, depression, and physical function.",
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Chen, W, Okumiya, K, Wada, T, Sakamoto, R, Imai, H, Ishimoto, Y, Kimura, Y, Fukutomi, E, Fujisawa, M, Shih, H-I, Chang, C-M & Matsubayashi, K 2015, 'Social cohesion and health in old age: A study in southern Taiwan', International Psychogeriatrics, vol. 27, no. 11, pp. 1903-1911. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1041610214002907

Social cohesion and health in old age : A study in southern Taiwan. / Chen, Wenling; Okumiya, Kiyohito; Wada, Taizo; Sakamoto, Ryota; Imai, Hissei; Ishimoto, Yasuko; Kimura, Yumi; Fukutomi, Eriko; Fujisawa, Michiko; Shih, Hsin-I; Chang, Chia-Ming; Matsubayashi, Kozo.

In: International Psychogeriatrics, Vol. 27, No. 11, 01.11.2015, p. 1903-1911.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Social cohesion and health in old age

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AU - Chen, Wenling

AU - Okumiya, Kiyohito

AU - Wada, Taizo

AU - Sakamoto, Ryota

AU - Imai, Hissei

AU - Ishimoto, Yasuko

AU - Kimura, Yumi

AU - Fukutomi, Eriko

AU - Fujisawa, Michiko

AU - Shih, Hsin-I

AU - Chang, Chia-Ming

AU - Matsubayashi, Kozo

PY - 2015/11/1

Y1 - 2015/11/1

N2 - Background: Previous studies have found that social cohesion and trust (SCT) were associated with psychological well-being and physical health. In this study, we investigated the associations between SCT and mental and physical health among community-dwelling elderly in a town in southern Taiwan. Methods: The study population consisted of 149 community-dwelling elderly aged 65 years and older (68 men, 81 women; mean age, 75.4 ± 6.1 years) residing in the town of Dashe in southern Taiwan. Activities of daily living (ADL), SCT, depression, subjective quality of life (QOL), current medical status, past medical history, and health behaviors were assessed in face-to-face interviews. Objective neurobehavioral functions were assessed using the timed up & go (TUG) test, functional reach test, and handgrip test. Results: Scores for ADL and Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) were significantly correlated with SCT, and SCT was significantly correlated with all subjective QOL items. In addition, a strong correlation was observed between SCT and relationship with friends. Values for SCT (median ≥ 20) were significantly associated with both subjective sense of health (median ≥ 68) and subjective happiness (median ≥ 73) after adjusting for age, sex, and ADL. Conclusion: SCT is an important variable that influences self-rated health and happiness, independently of ADL, age, and sex. When assessing geriatric psychological function, SCT should be examined more carefully, given its association with subjective sense of health and happiness, depression, and physical function.

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Chen W, Okumiya K, Wada T, Sakamoto R, Imai H, Ishimoto Y et al. Social cohesion and health in old age: A study in southern Taiwan. International Psychogeriatrics. 2015 Nov 1;27(11):1903-1911. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1041610214002907