Sodium was incorporating at the copper-phthalocyanine (CuPc)/C60 interface in CuPc/C60-based small-molecular solar cells to enhance their power conversion efficiency. C60 was deposited on slightly sodium-doped CuPc. Post-annealing improved the cell properties. Post-annealing doubled the conversion efficiency of the least sodium-doped devices (75 °C, 40 min). The electron/hole mobility ratio gradually approached unity as the annealing time increased, indicating that a reduction in the space charge accumulation was the main cause of the increase of the short-circuit current. Themechanismof enhancement of carrier transport by annealing was investigated by making capacitance-voltage measurements and performing corresponding depth-profile analyses.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Metals and Alloys
- Materials Chemistry