Soft processing of hierarchical oxide nanostructures for dye-sensitized solar cell applications

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28 Citations (Scopus)


To improve the performance of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs), numerous hierarchically nanostructured anodes based on nanoparticle films and nanowire arrays have been constructed, exhibiting a high surface area for dye adsorption and the ability to scatter light. This review briefly summarizes the latest progress in conventional solution processing and soft processing routes for fabricating hierarchical TiO2 and ZnO nanostructures on transparent conducting oxide (TCO) substrates for DSSC anodes. Soft processing routes, which directly fabricate functional materials with the desired composition, structure, shape, size, location, and orientation with low energy, have been demonstrated to be efficient methods for preparing hierarchical DSSC anodes based on nanowire arrays on TCO substrates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1354-1372
Number of pages19
JournalNano Energy
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Nov

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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