Solar powered boat design optimization

Ahmad Nasirudin, Ru Min Chao, I. Ketut Aria Pria Utama

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents a methodology to design a solar power boat with the aim to determine the size of photovoltaic (PV) system with minimum cost. Two stages optimization procedures have been proposed. First stage is a simplified ship size optimization based on the existing ship design for obtaining minimum propulsion power by using Golden search section algorithm. Second stage is optimization of PV system size for obtaining the number of photovoltaic (PV) module and battery with minimum cost by using Simplex algorithm. A leisure passenger catamaran boat operated in Taiwan with 42 person capacity is chosen as a case study. The service speed of the boat is 5 knots with total duration of cruising around 5 hours. 280 watt Multi-crystalline PV module and 12 volt 90 Ah Lead-Acid Battery is chosen for this case. From the simulation, it is obtained that the optimal ship has 32 PV modules (8.96 kW), 32 batteries (34.56 kWh), 14.44 meter length of water line, 4.37 meter breadth, 0.852 meter draught, and 16.258 ton of total displacement with the PV system annual capital cost around USD3,557.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)260-267
Number of pages8
JournalProcedia Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Event10th International Conference on Marine Technology, MARTEC 2016 - Dhaka, Bangladesh
Duration: 2016 Dec 92016 Dec 10

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Engineering


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