In spite of the recent progress in fractional programming, the sum-of-ratios problem remains untoward. Freund and Jarre proved that this is an NP-complete problem. Most methods overcome the difficulty using the deterministic type of algorithms, particularly, the branch-and-bound method. In this paper, we propose a new approach by applying the stochastic search algorithm introduced by Birbil, Fang and Sheu to a transformed image space. The algorithm then computes and moves sample particles in the q - 1 dimensional image space according to randomly controlled interacting electromagnetic forces. Numerical experiments on problems up to sum of eight linear ratios with a thousand variables are reported. The results also show that solving the sum-of-ratios problem in the image space as proposed is, in general, preferable to solving it directly in the primal domain.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computer Science Applications
- Control and Optimization
- Management Science and Operations Research
- Applied Mathematics