Sorption and diffusion of HTO and cesium in crushed granite compacted to different lengths

Chuan Pin Lee, Shih Chin Tsai, Yi Lin Jan, Yuan Yaw Wei, Shi Ping Teng, Chun Nan Hsu

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11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, batch and through-diffusion experiments have been performed in order to determine the distribution coefficients (Kd), apparent diffusion coefficients (Da ) and retardation factor (Rf), respectively. Both apparent and effective diffusion coefficient (Da and De) of Cs were obtained by accumulative concentration method developed by Crank (1975). In addition, a non-reactive radionuclide, HTO, was initially conducted in through-diffusion experiment for assessing the ability of radionuclide retardation. The distribution coefficients (Kd) obtained by batch tests in 14 days under aerobic and anaerobic systems were 2.06 and 3.52 ml/g. Moreover, it is found in through-diffusion test that Rf = 4.12 and 4.40 and Kd = 0.97 and 1.06 of Cs did not have an obvious discrepancy in a length/diameter/ (L/D) ratio of 0.44 and 1.78. However, Rf and Kd revealed a larger difference in an L/D ratio closing to 1 due to the geometric change of one-dimension diffusive hypothesis. Therefore, it demonstrates that Rf and Kd obtained by through-diffusion experiments only could be achieved at a lower or larger L/D ratio and would be reliable for long-term performance assessment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)371-378
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Volume275
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Feb 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Pollution
  • Spectroscopy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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