In this study, batch and through-diffusion experiments have been performed in order to determine the distribution coefficients (Kd), apparent diffusion coefficients (Da ) and retardation factor (Rf), respectively. Both apparent and effective diffusion coefficient (Da and De) of Cs were obtained by accumulative concentration method developed by Crank (1975). In addition, a non-reactive radionuclide, HTO, was initially conducted in through-diffusion experiment for assessing the ability of radionuclide retardation. The distribution coefficients (Kd) obtained by batch tests in 14 days under aerobic and anaerobic systems were 2.06 and 3.52 ml/g. Moreover, it is found in through-diffusion test that Rf = 4.12 and 4.40 and Kd = 0.97 and 1.06 of Cs did not have an obvious discrepancy in a length/diameter/ (L/D) ratio of 0.44 and 1.78. However, Rf and Kd revealed a larger difference in an L/D ratio closing to 1 due to the geometric change of one-dimension diffusive hypothesis. Therefore, it demonstrates that Rf and Kd obtained by through-diffusion experiments only could be achieved at a lower or larger L/D ratio and would be reliable for long-term performance assessment.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Nuclear Energy and Engineering
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis