Sorption of Vapors of Some Organic Liquids on Soil Humic Acid and Its Relation to Partitioning of Organic Compounds in Soil Organic Matter

Cary T. Chiou, Daniel E. Kile, Ronald L. Malcolm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

82 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Vapor sorption of water, ethanol, benzene, hexane, carbon tetrachloride, 1,1,1-trichloroethane, trichloro-ethylene, tetrachloroethylene, and 1,2-dibromoethane on (Sanhedron) soil humic acid has been determined at room temperature. Isotherms for all organic liquids are highly linear over a wide range of relative pressure (P/P°), characteristic of the partitioning (dissolution) of the organic compounds in soil humic acid. Polar liquids exhibit markedly greater sorption capacities on soil humic acid than relatively nonpolar liquids, in keeping with the polar nature of the soil humic acid as a partition medium. The limiting sorption (partition) capacities of relatively nonpolar liquids are remarkably similar when expressed in terms of volumes per unit weight of soil humic acid. The soil humic acid is found to be about half as effective as soil organic matter in sorption of relatively nonpolar organic compounds. The nearly constant limiting sorption capacity for nonpolar organic liquids with soil humic acid on a volume-to-weight basis and its efficiency in sorption relative to soil organic matter provide a basis for predicting the approximate sorption (partition) coefficients of similar compounds in uptake by soil in aqueous systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)298-303
Number of pages6
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1988 Mar 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

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