Spasmolytic polypeptide-expressing metaplasia associated with higher expressions of miR-21, 155, and 223 can be regressed by Helicobacter pylori eradication in the gastric cancer familial relatives

Hsin Yu Kuo, Wei Lun Chang, Yi Chun Yeh, Hsiu Chi Cheng, Yu Ching Tsai, Chung Tai Wu, Sheng Hsiang Lin, Hsiao Bai Yang, Cheng Chang Lu, Bor Shyang Sheu

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Abstract

Background and aims: Spasmolytic polypeptide-expressing metaplasia (SPEM) is a preneoplastic gastric cancer lesion related to epigenetic microRNA (miRNA) expression. This study elucidated whether Helicobacter pylori-infected first-degree relatives of patients with gastric cancer (GCF) are susceptible to have SPEM and correlated with miR-21, 155, and 223 expressions. We also validated whether SPEM and these miRNAs can be regressed after H pylori eradication. Methods: We prospectively enrolled 148 GCF and 148 nonulcer dyspepsia (NUD) subjects without gastric cancer familial history as controls. Each case had received a panendoscopy to determine H pylori status and gastric histology, including SPEM. The cases with SPEM were followed after H pylori eradication to determine SPEM regression. The total RNA was extracted to analyze tissues miR-21, 155, and 223 before and after eradication. Results: GCF subjects had a higher prevalence of H pylori infection (73% vs 32%) and SPEM (42% vs 14%, P < 0.01) than controls. The tissue miR-21, 155, and 223 in antrum were higher in cases with SPEM than in those without SPEM (P <= 0.05). There was similar SPEM reversibility after H pylori eradication between GCF subjects and controls (72% vs 69%, P = 0.852). In the SPEM regressed cases, tissue miR-21, 155, and 223 decreased after H pylori eradication (P < 0.05). Conclusion: The H pylori-infected GCF subjects were prone to have SPEM with higher tissues miR-21, 155, and 223 expressions. H pylori eradication can result in a 70% SPEM regression, accompanied by a decline in miR-21, 155, and 233 expression levels.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12578
JournalHelicobacter
Volume24
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jun

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Metaplasia
Helicobacter pylori
Stomach Neoplasms
MicroRNAs
spasmolytic polypeptide
Dyspepsia
Pylorus
Epigenomics
Stomach
Histology
History

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Gastroenterology
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

@article{823a70b7760b48968326b5f6f538228f,
title = "Spasmolytic polypeptide-expressing metaplasia associated with higher expressions of miR-21, 155, and 223 can be regressed by Helicobacter pylori eradication in the gastric cancer familial relatives",
abstract = "Background and aims: Spasmolytic polypeptide-expressing metaplasia (SPEM) is a preneoplastic gastric cancer lesion related to epigenetic microRNA (miRNA) expression. This study elucidated whether Helicobacter pylori-infected first-degree relatives of patients with gastric cancer (GCF) are susceptible to have SPEM and correlated with miR-21, 155, and 223 expressions. We also validated whether SPEM and these miRNAs can be regressed after H pylori eradication. Methods: We prospectively enrolled 148 GCF and 148 nonulcer dyspepsia (NUD) subjects without gastric cancer familial history as controls. Each case had received a panendoscopy to determine H pylori status and gastric histology, including SPEM. The cases with SPEM were followed after H pylori eradication to determine SPEM regression. The total RNA was extracted to analyze tissues miR-21, 155, and 223 before and after eradication. Results: GCF subjects had a higher prevalence of H pylori infection (73{\%} vs 32{\%}) and SPEM (42{\%} vs 14{\%}, P < 0.01) than controls. The tissue miR-21, 155, and 223 in antrum were higher in cases with SPEM than in those without SPEM (P <= 0.05). There was similar SPEM reversibility after H pylori eradication between GCF subjects and controls (72{\%} vs 69{\%}, P = 0.852). In the SPEM regressed cases, tissue miR-21, 155, and 223 decreased after H pylori eradication (P < 0.05). Conclusion: The H pylori-infected GCF subjects were prone to have SPEM with higher tissues miR-21, 155, and 223 expressions. H pylori eradication can result in a 70{\%} SPEM regression, accompanied by a decline in miR-21, 155, and 233 expression levels.",
author = "Kuo, {Hsin Yu} and Chang, {Wei Lun} and Yeh, {Yi Chun} and Cheng, {Hsiu Chi} and Tsai, {Yu Ching} and Wu, {Chung Tai} and Lin, {Sheng Hsiang} and Yang, {Hsiao Bai} and Lu, {Cheng Chang} and Sheu, {Bor Shyang}",
year = "2019",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1111/hel.12578",
language = "English",
volume = "24",
journal = "Helicobacter",
issn = "1083-4389",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Spasmolytic polypeptide-expressing metaplasia associated with higher expressions of miR-21, 155, and 223 can be regressed by Helicobacter pylori eradication in the gastric cancer familial relatives

AU - Kuo, Hsin Yu

AU - Chang, Wei Lun

AU - Yeh, Yi Chun

AU - Cheng, Hsiu Chi

AU - Tsai, Yu Ching

AU - Wu, Chung Tai

AU - Lin, Sheng Hsiang

AU - Yang, Hsiao Bai

AU - Lu, Cheng Chang

AU - Sheu, Bor Shyang

PY - 2019/6

Y1 - 2019/6

N2 - Background and aims: Spasmolytic polypeptide-expressing metaplasia (SPEM) is a preneoplastic gastric cancer lesion related to epigenetic microRNA (miRNA) expression. This study elucidated whether Helicobacter pylori-infected first-degree relatives of patients with gastric cancer (GCF) are susceptible to have SPEM and correlated with miR-21, 155, and 223 expressions. We also validated whether SPEM and these miRNAs can be regressed after H pylori eradication. Methods: We prospectively enrolled 148 GCF and 148 nonulcer dyspepsia (NUD) subjects without gastric cancer familial history as controls. Each case had received a panendoscopy to determine H pylori status and gastric histology, including SPEM. The cases with SPEM were followed after H pylori eradication to determine SPEM regression. The total RNA was extracted to analyze tissues miR-21, 155, and 223 before and after eradication. Results: GCF subjects had a higher prevalence of H pylori infection (73% vs 32%) and SPEM (42% vs 14%, P < 0.01) than controls. The tissue miR-21, 155, and 223 in antrum were higher in cases with SPEM than in those without SPEM (P <= 0.05). There was similar SPEM reversibility after H pylori eradication between GCF subjects and controls (72% vs 69%, P = 0.852). In the SPEM regressed cases, tissue miR-21, 155, and 223 decreased after H pylori eradication (P < 0.05). Conclusion: The H pylori-infected GCF subjects were prone to have SPEM with higher tissues miR-21, 155, and 223 expressions. H pylori eradication can result in a 70% SPEM regression, accompanied by a decline in miR-21, 155, and 233 expression levels.

AB - Background and aims: Spasmolytic polypeptide-expressing metaplasia (SPEM) is a preneoplastic gastric cancer lesion related to epigenetic microRNA (miRNA) expression. This study elucidated whether Helicobacter pylori-infected first-degree relatives of patients with gastric cancer (GCF) are susceptible to have SPEM and correlated with miR-21, 155, and 223 expressions. We also validated whether SPEM and these miRNAs can be regressed after H pylori eradication. Methods: We prospectively enrolled 148 GCF and 148 nonulcer dyspepsia (NUD) subjects without gastric cancer familial history as controls. Each case had received a panendoscopy to determine H pylori status and gastric histology, including SPEM. The cases with SPEM were followed after H pylori eradication to determine SPEM regression. The total RNA was extracted to analyze tissues miR-21, 155, and 223 before and after eradication. Results: GCF subjects had a higher prevalence of H pylori infection (73% vs 32%) and SPEM (42% vs 14%, P < 0.01) than controls. The tissue miR-21, 155, and 223 in antrum were higher in cases with SPEM than in those without SPEM (P <= 0.05). There was similar SPEM reversibility after H pylori eradication between GCF subjects and controls (72% vs 69%, P = 0.852). In the SPEM regressed cases, tissue miR-21, 155, and 223 decreased after H pylori eradication (P < 0.05). Conclusion: The H pylori-infected GCF subjects were prone to have SPEM with higher tissues miR-21, 155, and 223 expressions. H pylori eradication can result in a 70% SPEM regression, accompanied by a decline in miR-21, 155, and 233 expression levels.

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U2 - 10.1111/hel.12578

DO - 10.1111/hel.12578

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