Spatial conductivity mapping of carbon nanotube composite thin films by electrical impedance tomography for sensing applications

Tsung Chin Hou, Kenneth J. Loh, Jerome P. Lynch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

110 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper describes the application of electrical impedance tomography (EIT) to demonstrate the multifunctionality of carbon nanocomposite thin films under various types of environmental stimuli. Carbon nanotube (CNT) thin films are fabricated by a layer-by-layer (LbL) technique and mounted with electrodes along their boundaries. The response of the thin films to various stimuli is investigated by relying on electric current excitation and corresponding boundary potential measurements. The spatial conductivity variations are reconstructed based on a mathematical model for the EIT technique. Here, the ability of the EIT method to provide two-dimensional mapping of the conductivity of CNT thin films is validated by (1) electrically imaging intentional structural defects in the thin films and (2) mapping the film's response to various pH environments. The ability to spatially image the conductivity of CNT thin films holds many promises for developing multifunctional CNT-based sensing skins.

Original languageEnglish
Article number315501
JournalNanotechnology
Volume18
Issue number31
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Aug 8

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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