Spatiotemporal Modeling of Massive MIMO Systems with Mixed-Type IoT Devices: Scheduling Optimization with Delay Constraints

Qi Zhang, Howard H. Yang, Tony Q.S. Quek, Shi Jin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


In this article, we develop a framework for the analysis of massive multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) systems where multiple types of devices with different configurations and requirements co-exist, by taking into account the randomness of spatial locations and temporal traffic. A tight closed-form approximation of the spatial mean packet throughput, which denotes the average number of packets that are successfully transmitted at any unit time slot and area is derived, by using tools from the stochastic geometry and queuing theory, which captures all the key features of the devices in the Internet of Things (IoT). Based on the analysis, we investigate the optimal scheduling number for each type of devices that maximizes the spatial mean packet throughput while meeting devices' delay constraints. It is found that when the base station (BS) has excessive number of antennas ( M ), the BS should schedule all devices under its coverage, regardless of devices' variances on spatiotemporal configurations and demands. However, when M is limited, the BS should have a bias on scheduling devices with heavier traffic, lower decoding threshold, or higher transmit power. On this basis, if the delay constraint of one device becomes stricter, it will be scheduled more often to access the radio channel, which acts more significantly when the ratio of M to the deployment density of devices gets smaller.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9320550
Pages (from-to)10146-10159
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Internet of Things Journal
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jun 15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Signal Processing
  • Information Systems
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Networks and Communications


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