Species distribution and fluconazole susceptibility of Candida clinical isolates in a medical center in 2002

Jiun-Ling Wang, Shan Chwen Chang, Po Ren Hsueh, Yee Chun Chen

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15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fluconazole disk-diffusion susceptibility was evaluated in 230 blood isolates and 344 non-blood clinical isolates of Candida spp. collected in 2002 at National Taiwan University Hospital. Up to 93.5% of blood isolates were susceptible to fluconazole, 3% were susceptible dose-dependent, and 3.5% were resistant. The minimum inhibitory concentrations at which 50% of tested isolates were inhibited (MIC50) of fluconazole against Candida blood isolates were highest for Candida glabrata (5 μg/mL), followed by Candida tropicalis (2.4 μg/mL), Candida albicans (2.4 μg/ mL), and Candida parapsilosis (0.41 μg/mL). C. glabrata had less fluconazole-susceptible strains (76.7%) than C. albicans (98.2%), C. tropicalis (98%) and C. parapsilosis (93.8%) [p< 0.05]. The proportions of fluconazole resistance in the non-blood isolates of C. albicans, C. glabrata and C. parapsilosis were similar to those of the blood isolates. However, the proportions of fluconazole resistance in the non-blood isolates of C. tropicalis surpassed those of the blood isolates (14.7% vs 2%, p<0.05). Comparison of species distribution of Candida blood isolates obtained in 2002 to those in 1981-2000 demonstrated that C. albicans remained the leading pathogen, and the proportion of C. albicans in blood isolates was lowest in 1996 (38%) and did not change significantly thereafter. However, the proportion of C. tropicalis increased from 14% during 1981-1993 to 22-23% during 1996-2002. Overall, the MIC50, MIC90 and the proportion of Candida blood isolates with fluconazole resistance remained stable during 1994-2002.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)236-241
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection
Volume37
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Aug 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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