Spectroscopic study on sorption of hydrogen sulfide by means of red soil

T. H. Ko, H. Chu

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41 Citations (Scopus)


This paper reports the results of the characterization of red soils in relation to the sorption of H2S from coal gas at 500 °C by spectroscopic techniques in order to provide more information on red soils' structural change both before and after reaction. In addition, by-products analysis has also been studied using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. Before and after the experiments the red soils were characterized with X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD), energy dispersion spectrum (EDS), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and FTIR spectroscopy. XRPD results indicate that iron oxide species disappear from the original to reacted red soil. EDS analysis shows that a significant amount of sulfur is present in the reacted red soil, which is in agreement with the results of the elemental analysis and the calculated value based on breakthrough curve. XPS regression fitting results further indicate that sulfur retention may be associated with the iron oxides. S 2p XPS fittings point out that the major sulfur species present in the reacted red soil are composed of S-2, elemental sulfur, polysulfide, sulfite and sulfate. Additionally, the binding energy of iron shifts to a lower position for the reacted red soil, which indicates that iron oxides in the original red soil have been converted into iron sulfide. Appreciable amounts of the by-products CO2, SO2 and COS are detected by on-line FTIR spectroscopy during the initial and later stages of the sorption process. The formation of CO2 is related to the water-shift reaction, and SO 2 is probably attributable to the reaction of organic matters and H2S. The concentration of COS is quantified by GC/FPD and found it to be about 350 ppm, which is close to the equilibrium concentration of the reaction of inlet CO and H2S at a temperature of 500 °C.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2253-2259
Number of pages7
JournalSpectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Jul

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Instrumentation
  • Spectroscopy


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