Spin-coating for fabrication of high-entropy high-k (AlTiVZrHf)Ox films on Si for advanced gate stacks

Ze Wei Huang, Kao Shuo Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Spin-coating was performed to fabricate amorphous high-entropy oxide (HEO) (AlTiVZrHf)Ox films on Si substrates. The films were evaluated through X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and through transmission electron microscopy (TEM)-based energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) mapping, which respectively revealed all constituent elements and the homogenous distributions and no aggregation of those elements. TEM analysis revealed four distinct layers—a crystalline Al metal gate, an amorphous Al2O3 interfacial layer, amorphous (AlTiVZrHf)Ox, and native amorphous SiO2—in a patterned metal–oxide–semiconductor (MOS) gate stack on the Si substrate. The resulting stack exhibited a low leakage current density (JL) and no frequency dispersion in its capacitance–voltage characteristics after undergoing forming gas annealing. The obtained dielectric constant (k ≈ 32) for the HEO film is promising for advanced gate stacks and transistor applications. Although the film exhibited minor nanocrystallinity and the stack exhibited no interfacial Al2O3 layer after rapid thermal annealing at 900 °C, a low JL, distinct layers, and a clearly defined interface between the (AlTiVZrHf)Ox and SiO2 were observed, indicating no substantial diffusion among these layers. EDS mapping revealed the homogenous distribution of each constituent element without aggregation. Medium-entropy-oxide films and their MOS devices were fabricated for comparison; however, they exhibited inferior performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22558-22566
Number of pages9
JournalCeramics International
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Aug 15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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