Spinon Fermi Surface Spin Liquid in a Triangular Lattice Antiferromagnet NaYbSe2

Peng Ling Dai, Gaoning Zhang, Yaofeng Xie, Chunruo Duan, Yonghao Gao, Zihao Zhu, Erxi Feng, Zhen Tao, Chien Lung Huang, Huibo Cao, Andrey Podlesnyak, Garrett E. Granroth, Michelle S. Everett, Joerg C. Neuefeind, David Voneshen, Shun Wang, Guotai Tan, Emilia Morosan, Xia Wang, Hai Qing LinLei Shu, Gang Chen, Yanfeng Guo, Xingye Lu, Pengcheng Dai

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21 Citations (Scopus)


Triangular lattice of rare-earth ions with interacting effective spin-1/2 local moments is an ideal platform to explore the physics of quantum spin liquids (QSLs) in the presence of strong spin-orbit coupling, crystal electric fields, and geometrical frustration. The Yb delafossites, NaYbCh2 (Ch=O, S, Se) with Yb ions forming a perfect triangular lattice, have been suggested to be candidates for QSLs. Previous thermodynamics, nuclear magnetic resonance, and powder-sample neutron scattering measurements on NaYbCh2 have supported the suggestion of the QSL ground states. The key signature of a QSL, the spin excitation continuum, arising from the spin quantum number fractionalization, has not been observed. Here we perform both elastic and inelastic neutron scattering measurements as well as detailed thermodynamic measurements on high-quality single-crystal NaYbSe2 samples to confirm the absence of long-range magnetic order down to 40 mK, and further reveal a clear signature of magnetic excitation continuum extending from 0.1 to 2.5 meV. The comparison between the structure of the magnetic excitation spectra and the theoretical expectation from the spinon continuum suggests that the ground state of NaYbSe2 is a QSL with a spinon Fermi surface.

Original languageEnglish
Article number021044
JournalPhysical Review X
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jun

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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