Monolayer behavior of an ion pair amphiphile (IPA), hexadecyltrimethylammonium-dodecylsulfate (HTMA-DS), with normal long-chain alcohols at the air/water interface was analyzed by the Langmuir trough technique with the Brewster angle microscope (BAM) observations, and the pronounced stability enhancement of a HTMA-DS monolayer with the presence of the alcohol additives was demonstrated. Two normal long-chain alcohols with alkyl chain lengths of C16 and C18, 1-hexadecanol (HD) and 1-octadecanol (OD), were chosen as the additives. The surface pressure-area and surface potential-area isotherms of the monolayers with BAM images of monolayer morphology implied that the addition of either HD or OD with a comparatively small head group in a double-chained HTMA-DS monolayer at the interface led to better molecular packing and attractive interaction between the molecules, showing a similar condensing effect as that observed in mixed phospholipid/cholesterol systems. Moreover, the monolayer hysteresis and relaxation curves indicated that the incorporation of the alcohols into a HTMA-DS monolayer was able to lessen the monolayer hysteresis and to enhance the monolayer stability. In comparison with OD, HD seemed more effective as an additive in stabilizing a HTMA-DS monolayer, most likely due to the relatively better molecular packing of HTMA-DS and HD molecules at the interface. It is inferred that the stability of a monolayer or vesicular bilayer structure composed of IPAs can be improved by adjusting the molecular packing/interaction with a suitable long-chain alcohol as the additive.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry