Stability of Bi2O3-based ionic conductor and its application on composite cathode

Shu Yi Tsai, Kuan Zong Fung, Chung Ta Ni, Yu Fan Chang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In recent years, solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) have been considered as desired devices for generating electricity by electrochemical combination of a fuel with an oxidant. Oxygen ion conductors are usually used as the electrolytes for SOFCs. Among several types of oxygen ion conductors such as CeO2, stabilized Bi2O3 and ZrO2, Bi2O3 with stabilizers exhibit the highest oxygen ion conductivity. Although Bi2O3 tends to be reduced to Bi metal, Bi2O3 incorporated with proper dopants will show enhanced stability against hydrogen. The highest OCV for SOFC using Bi2O3-based electrolyte is around 0.5V which is still too low to be practical. On the other hand, Bi2O3-based system may make a good ionic component for a composite cathode. In this study, we choose yttria-stabilized bismuth oxides (YSB) as ionic conductor and mixed with strontium-doped lanthanum manganite (LSM) for composite cathode. Size effect of LSM on the polarization resistance was investigated by using conventional solid-state reacted and nano-sized LSM. The electrochemical performances of composite cathodes with different LSM:YSB ratios have been investigated at temperature ranging from 500°C to 650°C using AC impedance spectroscopy. The polarization resistance measured from a symmetric cell consisting of nano-sized LSM-YSB electrodes on a YSB electrolyte is 50% lower than that of submicron-sized LSM-YSB cathodes by SSR (0.2 ohmcm2) at 650°C. The polarization of cathode is reduced because of the mixing of high surface area electric conducting materials and ionic conducting materials. The nanostructure of composite cathode is able to extend triple phase boundary (electronic conductor, ionic conductor, and oxygen gas) and provide numerous reaction sites for electrochemical reaction to occur.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSolid Oxide Fuel Cells 14, SOFC 2015
EditorsS. C. Singhal, K. Eguchi
PublisherElectrochemical Society Inc.
Pages867-874
Number of pages8
Edition1
ISBN (Electronic)9781607685395
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 1
Event14th International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, SOFC 2015; held as part of the Electrochemical Society, ECS Conference on Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage - Glasgow, United Kingdom
Duration: 2015 Jul 262015 Jul 31

Publication series

NameECS Transactions
Number1
Volume68
ISSN (Print)1938-6737
ISSN (Electronic)1938-5862

Other

Other14th International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, SOFC 2015; held as part of the Electrochemical Society, ECS Conference on Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityGlasgow
Period15-07-2615-07-31

Fingerprint

Yttrium oxide
Bismuth
Cathodes
Composite materials
Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)
Oxides
Oxygen
Electrolytes
Polarization
Ions
Phase boundaries
Lanthanum
Strontium
Oxidants
Nanostructures
Electricity
Doping (additives)
Spectroscopy
Hydrogen
Electrodes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Tsai, S. Y., Fung, K. Z., Ni, C. T., & Chang, Y. F. (2015). Stability of Bi2O3-based ionic conductor and its application on composite cathode. In S. C. Singhal, & K. Eguchi (Eds.), Solid Oxide Fuel Cells 14, SOFC 2015 (1 ed., pp. 867-874). (ECS Transactions; Vol. 68, No. 1). Electrochemical Society Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1149/06801.0867ecst
Tsai, Shu Yi ; Fung, Kuan Zong ; Ni, Chung Ta ; Chang, Yu Fan. / Stability of Bi2O3-based ionic conductor and its application on composite cathode. Solid Oxide Fuel Cells 14, SOFC 2015. editor / S. C. Singhal ; K. Eguchi. 1. ed. Electrochemical Society Inc., 2015. pp. 867-874 (ECS Transactions; 1).
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abstract = "In recent years, solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) have been considered as desired devices for generating electricity by electrochemical combination of a fuel with an oxidant. Oxygen ion conductors are usually used as the electrolytes for SOFCs. Among several types of oxygen ion conductors such as CeO2, stabilized Bi2O3 and ZrO2, Bi2O3 with stabilizers exhibit the highest oxygen ion conductivity. Although Bi2O3 tends to be reduced to Bi metal, Bi2O3 incorporated with proper dopants will show enhanced stability against hydrogen. The highest OCV for SOFC using Bi2O3-based electrolyte is around 0.5V which is still too low to be practical. On the other hand, Bi2O3-based system may make a good ionic component for a composite cathode. In this study, we choose yttria-stabilized bismuth oxides (YSB) as ionic conductor and mixed with strontium-doped lanthanum manganite (LSM) for composite cathode. Size effect of LSM on the polarization resistance was investigated by using conventional solid-state reacted and nano-sized LSM. The electrochemical performances of composite cathodes with different LSM:YSB ratios have been investigated at temperature ranging from 500°C to 650°C using AC impedance spectroscopy. The polarization resistance measured from a symmetric cell consisting of nano-sized LSM-YSB electrodes on a YSB electrolyte is 50{\%} lower than that of submicron-sized LSM-YSB cathodes by SSR (0.2 ohmcm2) at 650°C. The polarization of cathode is reduced because of the mixing of high surface area electric conducting materials and ionic conducting materials. The nanostructure of composite cathode is able to extend triple phase boundary (electronic conductor, ionic conductor, and oxygen gas) and provide numerous reaction sites for electrochemical reaction to occur.",
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Tsai, SY, Fung, KZ, Ni, CT & Chang, YF 2015, Stability of Bi2O3-based ionic conductor and its application on composite cathode. in SC Singhal & K Eguchi (eds), Solid Oxide Fuel Cells 14, SOFC 2015. 1 edn, ECS Transactions, no. 1, vol. 68, Electrochemical Society Inc., pp. 867-874, 14th International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, SOFC 2015; held as part of the Electrochemical Society, ECS Conference on Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage, Glasgow, United Kingdom, 15-07-26. https://doi.org/10.1149/06801.0867ecst

Stability of Bi2O3-based ionic conductor and its application on composite cathode. / Tsai, Shu Yi; Fung, Kuan Zong; Ni, Chung Ta; Chang, Yu Fan.

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells 14, SOFC 2015. ed. / S. C. Singhal; K. Eguchi. 1. ed. Electrochemical Society Inc., 2015. p. 867-874 (ECS Transactions; Vol. 68, No. 1).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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N2 - In recent years, solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) have been considered as desired devices for generating electricity by electrochemical combination of a fuel with an oxidant. Oxygen ion conductors are usually used as the electrolytes for SOFCs. Among several types of oxygen ion conductors such as CeO2, stabilized Bi2O3 and ZrO2, Bi2O3 with stabilizers exhibit the highest oxygen ion conductivity. Although Bi2O3 tends to be reduced to Bi metal, Bi2O3 incorporated with proper dopants will show enhanced stability against hydrogen. The highest OCV for SOFC using Bi2O3-based electrolyte is around 0.5V which is still too low to be practical. On the other hand, Bi2O3-based system may make a good ionic component for a composite cathode. In this study, we choose yttria-stabilized bismuth oxides (YSB) as ionic conductor and mixed with strontium-doped lanthanum manganite (LSM) for composite cathode. Size effect of LSM on the polarization resistance was investigated by using conventional solid-state reacted and nano-sized LSM. The electrochemical performances of composite cathodes with different LSM:YSB ratios have been investigated at temperature ranging from 500°C to 650°C using AC impedance spectroscopy. The polarization resistance measured from a symmetric cell consisting of nano-sized LSM-YSB electrodes on a YSB electrolyte is 50% lower than that of submicron-sized LSM-YSB cathodes by SSR (0.2 ohmcm2) at 650°C. The polarization of cathode is reduced because of the mixing of high surface area electric conducting materials and ionic conducting materials. The nanostructure of composite cathode is able to extend triple phase boundary (electronic conductor, ionic conductor, and oxygen gas) and provide numerous reaction sites for electrochemical reaction to occur.

AB - In recent years, solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) have been considered as desired devices for generating electricity by electrochemical combination of a fuel with an oxidant. Oxygen ion conductors are usually used as the electrolytes for SOFCs. Among several types of oxygen ion conductors such as CeO2, stabilized Bi2O3 and ZrO2, Bi2O3 with stabilizers exhibit the highest oxygen ion conductivity. Although Bi2O3 tends to be reduced to Bi metal, Bi2O3 incorporated with proper dopants will show enhanced stability against hydrogen. The highest OCV for SOFC using Bi2O3-based electrolyte is around 0.5V which is still too low to be practical. On the other hand, Bi2O3-based system may make a good ionic component for a composite cathode. In this study, we choose yttria-stabilized bismuth oxides (YSB) as ionic conductor and mixed with strontium-doped lanthanum manganite (LSM) for composite cathode. Size effect of LSM on the polarization resistance was investigated by using conventional solid-state reacted and nano-sized LSM. The electrochemical performances of composite cathodes with different LSM:YSB ratios have been investigated at temperature ranging from 500°C to 650°C using AC impedance spectroscopy. The polarization resistance measured from a symmetric cell consisting of nano-sized LSM-YSB electrodes on a YSB electrolyte is 50% lower than that of submicron-sized LSM-YSB cathodes by SSR (0.2 ohmcm2) at 650°C. The polarization of cathode is reduced because of the mixing of high surface area electric conducting materials and ionic conducting materials. The nanostructure of composite cathode is able to extend triple phase boundary (electronic conductor, ionic conductor, and oxygen gas) and provide numerous reaction sites for electrochemical reaction to occur.

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Tsai SY, Fung KZ, Ni CT, Chang YF. Stability of Bi2O3-based ionic conductor and its application on composite cathode. In Singhal SC, Eguchi K, editors, Solid Oxide Fuel Cells 14, SOFC 2015. 1 ed. Electrochemical Society Inc. 2015. p. 867-874. (ECS Transactions; 1). https://doi.org/10.1149/06801.0867ecst