Stabilization of embedded pt nanoparticles in the novel nanostructure carbon materials

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Abstract

An extremely durable and highly active Pt catalyst has been successfully prepared by embedding Pt 0 nanoparticles inside the pores of the nitrogen-dotted porous carbon layer surrounding carbon nanotubes (Pt@NC-CNT). The Pt@NCCNT catalyst has a high BET surface area of 271 m 2 g -1 (62 m 2 g -1 for Pt/XC-72) and comparably high electrochemically active surface area of 64.3m 2 g -1 (68.2m 2 g -1 for Pt/XC-72). The prepared Pt nanoparticles are small in size (2.8 ( 1.3 nm) and have a strong interaction of nitrogen to platinum, as evidenced by the binding energy observed at 399.5 eV. The maximum current densities (If) during methanol oxidation observed for Pt@NC-CNT (13.2 mA cm -1) is 1.2 times higher than that of Pt/XC-72 (10.8mA cm -1) catalysts. Remarkably, in the long term durability test, the If after 1000 cycles for Pt@NC-CNT decreased to 10.6 mA cm-1 compared with Pt/XC-72, which decreased to 2.6 mA cm -2. This means that the Pt@NC-CNT catalyst has a tremendously stable electrocatalytic activity for MOR because of the unique structure of Pt@NC-CNT formed in this novel synthesis technique.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-118
Number of pages4
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume3
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Feb 23

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)

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