Stable C and N isotopes of PM2.5 and size-segregated particles emitted from incense stick and cigarette burning

Chien-Cheng Jung, Zih Hong Syu, Huey Jen Su, Pei Yu Lian, Nai Tzu Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This work measured the δ13C and δ15N signatures in PM2.5 and size-segregated particles emitted from incense stick and cigarette burning in different brands or nicotine contents for pollution source identification indoors. Three popular brands of incense stick and cigarette were selected for experiments. A personal environmental monitoring sampler and a Sioutas cascade impactor were used to collect PM2.5 and size-segregated particles, respectively, for isotopic signatures analyses. Our data showed that both δ13C and δ15N values were heavier from incense stick burning (δ13C: 27.3 ± 0.5; δ15N: 8.63 ± 1.35) than cigarette (δ13C: 28.5 ± 0.2; δ15N: 4.15 ± 0.69). The scatter plots of δ13C and TC/PM2.5 and of δ15N and TN/PM2.5 can be applied to distinguish particle pollution sources and assess the influence of cigarette burning to PM2.5 according to different nicotine contents. The δ13C values in size-segregated particles were similar to incense stick or cigarette burning; the δ13C values in PM2.5 were significantly higher than those in size-segregated particles. However, the nitrogen amount was too low in most of the size-segregated particles to analyze δ15N from incense stick and cigarette burning. These results suggest that the δ13C signatures on PM2.5 cannot represent the isotopic characteristics of size-segregated particles and δ15N has limitation for pollution source identification of different particle sizes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113346
JournalEnvironmental Research
Volume212
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Sept

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • General Environmental Science

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