Stable Lithium Deposition Generated from Ceramic-Cross-Linked Gel Polymer Electrolytes for Lithium Anode

Chih Hao Tsao, Yang Hung Hsiao, Chun Han Hsu, Ping-Lin Kuo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this work, a composite gel electrolyte comprising ceramic cross-linker and poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) matrix is shown to have superior resistance to lithium dendrite growth and be applicable to gel polymer lithium batteries. In contrast to pristine gel electrolyte, these nanocomposite gel electrolytes show good compatibility with liquid electrolytes, wider electrochemical window, and a superior rate and cycling performance. These silica cross-linkers allow the PEO to form the lithium ion pathway and reduce anion mobility. Therefore, the gel not only features lower polarization and interfacial resistance, but also suppresses electrolyte decomposition and lithium corrosion. Further, these nanocomposite gel electrolytes increase the lithium transference number to 0.5, and exhibit superior electrochemical stability up to 5.0 V. Moreover, the lithium cells feature long-term stability and a Coulombic efficiency that can reach 97% after 100 cycles. The SEM image of the lithium metal surface after the cycling test shows that the composite gel electrolyte with 20% silica cross-linker forms a uniform passivation layer on the lithium surface. Accordingly, these features allow this gel polymer electrolyte with ceramic cross-linker to function as a high-performance lithium-ionic conductor and reliable separator for lithium metal batteries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15216-15224
Number of pages9
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume8
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jun 22

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Lithium
Electrolytes
Anodes
Polymers
Gels
Polyethylene oxides
Silicon Dioxide
Nanocomposites
Metals
Silica
Composite materials
Separators
Passivation
Anions
Negative ions
Ions
Polarization
Corrosion
Decomposition
Scanning electron microscopy

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

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title = "Stable Lithium Deposition Generated from Ceramic-Cross-Linked Gel Polymer Electrolytes for Lithium Anode",
abstract = "In this work, a composite gel electrolyte comprising ceramic cross-linker and poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) matrix is shown to have superior resistance to lithium dendrite growth and be applicable to gel polymer lithium batteries. In contrast to pristine gel electrolyte, these nanocomposite gel electrolytes show good compatibility with liquid electrolytes, wider electrochemical window, and a superior rate and cycling performance. These silica cross-linkers allow the PEO to form the lithium ion pathway and reduce anion mobility. Therefore, the gel not only features lower polarization and interfacial resistance, but also suppresses electrolyte decomposition and lithium corrosion. Further, these nanocomposite gel electrolytes increase the lithium transference number to 0.5, and exhibit superior electrochemical stability up to 5.0 V. Moreover, the lithium cells feature long-term stability and a Coulombic efficiency that can reach 97{\%} after 100 cycles. The SEM image of the lithium metal surface after the cycling test shows that the composite gel electrolyte with 20{\%} silica cross-linker forms a uniform passivation layer on the lithium surface. Accordingly, these features allow this gel polymer electrolyte with ceramic cross-linker to function as a high-performance lithium-ionic conductor and reliable separator for lithium metal batteries.",
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Stable Lithium Deposition Generated from Ceramic-Cross-Linked Gel Polymer Electrolytes for Lithium Anode. / Tsao, Chih Hao; Hsiao, Yang Hung; Hsu, Chun Han; Kuo, Ping-Lin.

In: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, Vol. 8, No. 24, 22.06.2016, p. 15216-15224.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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