This article presents a gray-scale light-induced dielectrophoresis (GS-LIDEP) method that induces the lateral displacements normal to the through-flow for continuous and passive separation of microparticles. In general, DEP force only can affect the particles within very local areas due to the electric field is exponentially decayed by the distance away from the electrodes. Unlike with conventional LIDEP, a broad-ranged electrical field gradient can easily be created by GS pattern illumination, which induces DEP forces with two directions for continuous separation of particles to their specific sub-channels. Candia albicans were effectively guided to the specific outlet with the efficiency of 90% to increase the concentration of the sample below the flow rate of 0.6 μl/min. 2 and 10 μm polystyrene particles can also be passively and well separated using the multi-step GS pattern through positive and negative DEP forces, respectively, under an applied voltage of 36 V p-p at the frequency of 10 kHz. GS-LIDEP generated a wide-ranged DEP force that is capable of working on the entire area of the microchannel, and thus the mix of particles can be passively and continuously separated toward the opposite directions by the both positive and negative GS-LIDEP forces. This simple, low cost, and flexible separation/manipulation platform could be very promising for many applications, such as in-field detections/pretreatments.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Materials Chemistry