Stimuli-responsive lysine-glycine block copolypeptide supramolecular structures

Daniel F. Shantz, Jeng-Shiung Jan

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

Studies of the self-assembly of poly(L-lysine)-b-polyglycine diblock and triblock copolypeptides in aqueous solution will be presented. Dynamic light scattering (DLS), confocal microscopy, and circular dichroism (CD) were used to characterize the size, supramolecular structures, and folded states of the block copolypeptides at different solution conditions. The block copolypeptides form true equilibrium structures that can be manipulated between vesicles and micelles based on solution conditions, and the stimuli to induce these transformations can be pH, salt, or anions (for example, perchlorate anion). These structural interconversions are shown to be primarily due to the change in conformation of the lysine block and are completely reversible. Preliminary work is also reported demonstrating that the non-covalent supramolecular structures formed can be converted to covalent supramolecular structures and their swelling behavior regulated by changes in pH or ionic strength, and that these block copolypeptides can be used to mineralize silica at ambient conditions. The results of this work show that these previously unreported materials have unique properties of relevance to numerous applications including drug delivery, controlled released, encapsulation, and biomineralization/ biomimetic syntheses of hard matter. Results will also be presented describing the self-assembly behavior of lysine-alanine and lysine(glycine,alanine) block copolypeptides. The latter represent the ability to incrementally increase polypeptide hydrophobicity as compared to the lysine-glycine polypeptides. The former materials represent a bridge to the work by Deming and coworkers on lysine-leucine and lysine-valine block copolypeptides that have been shown to form hydrogels. Preliminary results on lysine-alanine block copolypeptides indicate that much higher polypeptide concentrations are needed to form hydrogels (∼10 wt% for K100A25) as compared to the corresponding lysine-leucine copolymers (< 1 wt%).

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Dec 1
Event05AIChE: 2005 AIChE Annual Meeting and Fall Showcase - Cincinnati, OH, United States
Duration: 2005 Oct 302005 Nov 4

Other

Other05AIChE: 2005 AIChE Annual Meeting and Fall Showcase
CountryUnited States
CityCincinnati, OH
Period05-10-3005-11-04

Fingerprint

Polypeptides
Amino acids
Hydrogels
Self assembly
Negative ions
Controlled drug delivery
Biomineralization
Confocal microscopy
Dichroism
Biomimetics
Dynamic light scattering
Hydrophobicity
Ionic strength
Encapsulation
Micelles
Swelling
Conformations
Copolymers
Silica
Salts

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Shantz, D. F., & Jan, J-S. (2005). Stimuli-responsive lysine-glycine block copolypeptide supramolecular structures. Paper presented at 05AIChE: 2005 AIChE Annual Meeting and Fall Showcase, Cincinnati, OH, United States.
Shantz, Daniel F. ; Jan, Jeng-Shiung. / Stimuli-responsive lysine-glycine block copolypeptide supramolecular structures. Paper presented at 05AIChE: 2005 AIChE Annual Meeting and Fall Showcase, Cincinnati, OH, United States.1 p.
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Shantz, DF & Jan, J-S 2005, 'Stimuli-responsive lysine-glycine block copolypeptide supramolecular structures' Paper presented at 05AIChE: 2005 AIChE Annual Meeting and Fall Showcase, Cincinnati, OH, United States, 05-10-30 - 05-11-04, .

Stimuli-responsive lysine-glycine block copolypeptide supramolecular structures. / Shantz, Daniel F.; Jan, Jeng-Shiung.

2005. Paper presented at 05AIChE: 2005 AIChE Annual Meeting and Fall Showcase, Cincinnati, OH, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

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N2 - Studies of the self-assembly of poly(L-lysine)-b-polyglycine diblock and triblock copolypeptides in aqueous solution will be presented. Dynamic light scattering (DLS), confocal microscopy, and circular dichroism (CD) were used to characterize the size, supramolecular structures, and folded states of the block copolypeptides at different solution conditions. The block copolypeptides form true equilibrium structures that can be manipulated between vesicles and micelles based on solution conditions, and the stimuli to induce these transformations can be pH, salt, or anions (for example, perchlorate anion). These structural interconversions are shown to be primarily due to the change in conformation of the lysine block and are completely reversible. Preliminary work is also reported demonstrating that the non-covalent supramolecular structures formed can be converted to covalent supramolecular structures and their swelling behavior regulated by changes in pH or ionic strength, and that these block copolypeptides can be used to mineralize silica at ambient conditions. The results of this work show that these previously unreported materials have unique properties of relevance to numerous applications including drug delivery, controlled released, encapsulation, and biomineralization/ biomimetic syntheses of hard matter. Results will also be presented describing the self-assembly behavior of lysine-alanine and lysine(glycine,alanine) block copolypeptides. The latter represent the ability to incrementally increase polypeptide hydrophobicity as compared to the lysine-glycine polypeptides. The former materials represent a bridge to the work by Deming and coworkers on lysine-leucine and lysine-valine block copolypeptides that have been shown to form hydrogels. Preliminary results on lysine-alanine block copolypeptides indicate that much higher polypeptide concentrations are needed to form hydrogels (∼10 wt% for K100A25) as compared to the corresponding lysine-leucine copolymers (< 1 wt%).

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Shantz DF, Jan J-S. Stimuli-responsive lysine-glycine block copolypeptide supramolecular structures. 2005. Paper presented at 05AIChE: 2005 AIChE Annual Meeting and Fall Showcase, Cincinnati, OH, United States.