Strategies to enhance cell growth and achieve high-level oil production of a Chlorella vulgaris isolate

Chun Yen Chen, Kuei Ling Yeh, Huei Meei Su, Yung Chung Lo, Wen Ming Chen, Jo Shu Chang

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49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The autotrophic growth of an oil-rich indigenous microalgal isolate, identified as Chlorella vulgaris CAC, was promoted by using engineering strategies to obtain the microalgal oil for biodiesel synthesis. Illumination with a light/dark cycle of 14/10 (i.e., 14 h light-on and 10 h light-off) resulted in a high overall oil production rate (voil) of 9.78 mg/L/day and a high electricity conversion efficiency (Ec) of 23.7 mg cell/kw h. When using a NaHCO3 concentration of 1,500 mg/L as carbon source, the voil and Ec were maximal at 100 mg/L/ day and 128 mg/kw h, respectively. A Monod type model was used to describe the microalgal growth kinetics with an estimated maximum specific growth rate (μmax) of 0.605 day-1 and a half saturation coefficient (Ks) of 124.9 mg/L. An optimal nitrogen source (KNO3) concentration of 625 mg/L could further enhance the microalgal biomass and oil production, leading to a nearly 6.19 fold increase in voil value.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)679-686
Number of pages8
JournalBiotechnology Progress
Volume26
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 May 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology

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