The most common complication in children with varicella is cutaneous superimposed infection with pyogenic bacteria. Group A β-hemolytic streptococci, which are known to cause life-threatening infections in both previously healthy children and those with underlying diseases, are the most frequently associated pathogens. A newly recognized disease, called streptococcal toxic shock syndrome, is associated with severe morbidity and mortality. We report a 3-year-old boy with a diagnosis of this syndrome who presented with increasing fever, vomiting, and lethargy 7 days after the development of a classic varicella skill lesion. In spite of aggressive fluid supply, administration of inotropic agents, and cardiopulmonary resuscitation, a rapidly deteriorating clinical course led to death 4 hours after hospitalization. This is the first report of this association in Taiwan. Pediatricians evaluating children with varicella must be mindful of the potential for Group A β-hemolytic streptococcal infection.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of the Formosan Medical Association|
|Publication status||Published - 1997 Sep 1|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes