The mixed-mode stress intensity factors (SIFs) of the bolted joint with single and double cracks were examined. Changes in friction, clearance, applied force and crack angle were included in the nonlinear contact finite element analysis. A fine mesh was made between the contact surface and the crack tip in order to obtain an accurate solution. The least-squares method was used to determine the mixed-mode SIFs. Finite element results indicate that reasonable changes in the applied force, frictional coefficient and the clearance will not make significant changes in the normalized SIFs. The pure opening mode for cracked bolted joints does not occur at the horizontal crack but occurs at the crack with the crack angle between 0° and 22.5°. Nevertheless, using the SIF for a horizontal crack as the maximum opening-crack mode is sufficiently reliable. The maximum mode-II crack is approximately at a crack angle of 45° for both isotropic and orthotropic materials; however, at that angle the maximum mode-II SIF is only about one half of the mode-I SIF.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computational Mechanics
- Modelling and Simulation
- Mechanics of Materials