Stress singularity analysis in the restorations of premolar class ii cavities

Ching Hwei Chue, Yi Liang Ou, Tung Yiu Wong

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper presents the singular stress analysis near the apex of a structure formed during dental restoration of a premolar class II cavity. Based on the elasticity theory, the stresses may go to infinity at the junctions of different materials (e.g. dentine, enamel, restoration materials). Tensions will cause material separation and then material fracture. In order to reduce the failure probability, the degree of stress concentration has to be reduced. The stress singularity order and the stress intensity factor are two parameters, which are often used in fracture analysis. The objective of this paper is to find conditions such that non-singular stress fields are possible. Three critical positions in the restoration structure are discussed. They are the tips of interface between (1) enamel and restoration; (2) dentine and restoration; and (3) enamel, dentine and restoration. In the last two cases, the restoration may be bonded or debonded to enamel or dentine. After employing Kolosov-Muskhelishvili complex functions together with the eigenfunction expansion method, the singularity orders are computed theoretically. Weak stress singularity conditions can be sought by properly selecting cutting angles or restoration materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)747-756
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the Chinese Institute of Engineers, Transactions of the Chinese Institute of Engineers,Series A/Chung-kuo Kung Ch'eng Hsuch K'an
Volume26
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Jan 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

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