Structural and optical properties of ZnMgO nanostructures formed by Mg in-diffused ZnO nanowires

Ching Ju Pan, Hsu Cheng Hsu, Hsin Ming Cheng, Chun Yi Wu, Wen Feng Hsieh

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54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

ZnMgO nanostructures with wurtzite phase were prepared by thermal diffusion of Mg into the ZnO nanowires. As ZnO light-emitting devices have been operated by using ZnMgO layers as energy barrier layers to confine the carriers, it is essential to realize the characterization of ZnMgO particularly. In this work, the Mg content in Zn1-xMgxO alloy determined by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and photoluminescence (PL) shows a good coincidence. The variation of lattice constant and the blueshift of near-band-edge emission indicate that Zn2+ ions are successfully substituted by Mg2+ ions in the ZnO lattice. In Raman-scattering studies, the change of E2(high) phonon line shape in ZnO:Mg nanostructures reveals the microscopic substitutional disorder. In addition to the host phonons of ZnO, two additional bands around 383 and 510 cm-1 are presumably attributed to the Mg-related vibrational modes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1188-1192
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Solid State Chemistry
Volume180
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Apr 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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