Iron oxide-gold core-shell nanocrystals have been synthesized by the thermal decomposition of iron pentacarbonyl and the subsequent reduction of gold acetate by 1,2-hexadecanediol with oleic acid and oleylamine as stabilizers. Their size, structure, composition, and optical and magnetic properties were characterized. The resultant nanoparticles were nearly monodisperse with a complete core-shell structure, and the shell thickness could be tuned via the seed-mediated growth. Also, they exhibited an absorption band at 520 nm owing to the surface plasmon resonance of Au shells and were nearly superparamagnetic due to the presence of the iron cores. By analyzing the x-ray adsorption near-edge structure (XANES) spectrum and the x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) spectra of the fast etching mode, the iron cores were shown to be oxidized but the oxidation was incomplete in the inner region. Noteworthily, the iron oxide-Au nanoparticles could self-assemble into 2D and 3D superlattices. The packing density increased while approaching the center of assembly, leading to the variation of superstructures from a 2D nearly hcp monolayer to a 3D hcp superlattice and a 3D hexagonal superlattice. Moreover, hydrophilic iron oxide-Au core-shell nanoparticles were also obtained by surface modification with mercaptoacetic acid via a phase transfer route.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering
- Mechanics of Materials
- Materials Science(all)