Structural variations in nanosized confined gallium

Min Kai Lee, Cheng Tien, E. V. Charnaya, Hwo Shuenn Sheu, Yu A. Kumzerov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The complex crystalline structure of gallium under nanoconfinement was revealed by synchrotron radiation x-ray powder diffraction. Nanoconfinement was shown to stabilize δ-Ga which is metastable in bulk. Two new gallium phases named ι- and κ-Ga were found upon cooling below room temperature. These crystalline modifications were stable and coexisted with known gallium phases. Correlations between confined gallium particle shapes and emergence of particular crystalline phases were observed. Melting and freezing temperatures for different gallium phases were obtained. Remarkable supercooling of liquid gallium was seen in 3.5 nm pores.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1570-1573
Number of pages4
JournalPhysics Letters, Section A: General, Atomic and Solid State Physics
Volume374
Issue number13-14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Mar 29

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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