The complex crystalline structure of gallium under nanoconfinement was revealed by synchrotron radiation x-ray powder diffraction. Nanoconfinement was shown to stabilize δ-Ga which is metastable in bulk. Two new gallium phases named ι- and κ-Ga were found upon cooling below room temperature. These crystalline modifications were stable and coexisted with known gallium phases. Correlations between confined gallium particle shapes and emergence of particular crystalline phases were observed. Melting and freezing temperatures for different gallium phases were obtained. Remarkable supercooling of liquid gallium was seen in 3.5 nm pores.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Physics Letters, Section A: General, Atomic and Solid State Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2010 Mar 29|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)