This paper investigates the structure-activity relationships of αs1-casomorphin (αs1-CM) using AM1 calculations and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. Previous studies have shown that this peptide has remarkable opioid actions, and not only has a high affinity toward all three subtypes (κ1-κ3) of the κ-opioid sites, but also inhibits the proliferation of the T47D human breast cancer cell line. The systematic conformer search performed by the AM1 calculations is based on the torsional angles of the Val2-Pro 3 (ω2) and Phe4-Pro5 (ω4) amide bonds. The AM1 results reveal that the αs1-CM conformers strongly favor the cis/cis pair of the ω2/ω4 amide bonds in the minimized energy state. Furthermore, the picture of these stable conformers is found to be a strong interaction of the coulomb's force between two terminuses. MD simulations are performed to investigate the features of both the structural stability and pharmacological activity of αs1-CM in aqueous solution. The simulation results reveal that the ω2/ω4 amide bonds favor the cis/cis status in the stable state. Furthermore, the pharmacophoric distance between two aromatic rings is found to be 5.0-5.4Å. The χ1 rotamers of the Tyr and Phe residues show a preference for gauche (-) and trans, respectively. The side chain rotamers of αs1-CM are competed to those of other opioid ligands with a known potency and selectivity for δ- and μ-opioid receptors. Finally, we address a likely κ pharmacophore model compared to the δ pharmacophore model.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry