Structure-activity relationships of αs1-casomorphin using AMI calculations and molecular dynamics simulations

Yng Ching Wu, Jenn Sen Lin, Chi-Chuan Hwang

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper investigates the structure-activity relationships of αs1-casomorphin (αs1-CM) using AM1 calculations and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. Previous studies have shown that this peptide has remarkable opioid actions, and not only has a high affinity toward all three subtypes (κ13) of the κ-opioid sites, but also inhibits the proliferation of the T47D human breast cancer cell line. The systematic conformer search performed by the AM1 calculations is based on the torsional angles of the Val2-Pro 32) and Phe4-Pro54) amide bonds. The AM1 results reveal that the αs1-CM conformers strongly favor the cis/cis pair of the ω24 amide bonds in the minimized energy state. Furthermore, the picture of these stable conformers is found to be a strong interaction of the coulomb's force between two terminuses. MD simulations are performed to investigate the features of both the structural stability and pharmacological activity of αs1-CM in aqueous solution. The simulation results reveal that the ω24 amide bonds favor the cis/cis status in the stable state. Furthermore, the pharmacophoric distance between two aromatic rings is found to be 5.0-5.4Å. The χ1 rotamers of the Tyr and Phe residues show a preference for gauche (-) and trans, respectively. The side chain rotamers of αs1-CM are competed to those of other opioid ligands with a known potency and selectivity for δ- and μ-opioid receptors. Finally, we address a likely κ pharmacophore model compared to the δ pharmacophore model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7377-7383
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Volume111
Issue number25
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Jun 28

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

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