The microstructure and properties of a series of plasma-sprayed coatings from sinter-granulated powders fabricated from SiO2, CaO, P2O5 and Na2O-containing HA composite powders on Ti-6Al-4V substrate were reported. The immersion behavior of these coatings in a simulated body fluid (SBF) was also investigated. The results showed that sinter-granulated apatite-matrix powders were irregularly shaped and appeared quite similar. XRD patterns showed that during fabrication of the powders, P2O5 and SiO2 enhanced the decomposition of HA structure, while CaO and Na2O did not. Reasonably high bond strengths (45-50MPa) were obtained from all coatings. The plasma spray process itself enhanced the decomposition of apatite and chemical reactions among different phases. When immersed in SBF, the intensities of such phases as α- and β-TCP in all coatings decreased with immersion time and an apatite precipitation took place on all coating surfaces. The immersed SiO2- and CaO-containing HA (HSC) coating had the highest rate of apatite precipitation among all coatings. The variations in calcium ion concentration in simulated body fluid indicated that the HSC-immersed solution reached its maximal Ca concentration the earliest, while the HSCP (HA, SiO2, CaO and P2O5)-immersed solution reached its maximum the latest.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Ceramics and Composites
- Mechanics of Materials