Studies of Coumarin Derivatives for Constitutive Androstane Receptor (CAR) Activation

Shin Hun Juang, Min Tsang Hsieh, Pei Ling Hsu, Ju Ling Chen, Hui Kang Liu, Fong Pin Liang, Sheng Chu Kuo, Chen Yuan Chiu, Shing Hwa Liu, Chen Hsi Chou, Tian Shung Wu, Hsin Yi Hung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) activation has found to ameliorate diabetes in animal models. However, no CAR agonists are available clinically. Therefore, a safe and effective CAR activator would be an alternative option. In this study, sixty courmarin derivatives either synthesized or purified from Artemisia capillaris were screened for CAR activation activity. Chemical modifications were on position 5,6,7,8 with mono-, di-, tri-, or tetra-substitutions. Among all the compounds subjected for in vitro CAR activation screening, 6,7-diprenoxycoumarin was the most effective and was selected for further preclinical studies. Chemical modification on the 6 position and unsaturated chains were generally beneficial. Electron-withdrawn groups as well as long unsaturated chains were hazardous to the activity. Mechanism of action studies showed that CAR activation of 6,7-diprenoxycoumarin might be through the inhibition of EGFR signaling and upregulating PP2Ac methylation. To sum up, modification mimicking natural occurring coumarins shed light on CAR studies and the established screening system provides a rapid method for the discovery and development of CAR activators. In addition, one CAR activator, scoparone, did showed anti-diabetes effect in db/db mice without elevation of insulin levels.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMolecules (Basel, Switzerland)
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Dec 31

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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