We investigated the performance of nickel/samarium-doped ceria (Ni/SDC) nanocatalysts on the catalytic partial oxidation of methane (CPOM). Studies of temperature-programmed surface reaction and reduction reveal that catalytic activity is determined by a synergistic effect produced by Ni metals and metal-support interaction. Catalytic activity was more dependent on the Ni content below 600◦C, while there is not much difference for all catalysts at high temperatures. The catalyst exhibiting high activities toward syngas production (i.e., a CH4 conversion >90% at 700◦C) requires a medium Ni-SDC interaction with an Sm/Ce ratio of about 1/9 to 2/8. This is accounted for by optimum oxygen vacancies and adequate ion diffusivity in the SDCs which, as reported, also display the highest ion conductivity for fuel cell applications.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry