Study of alternative GPS network meteorological sensors in Taiwan

Case studies of the plum rains and typhoon sinlaku

Kai-Wei Chiang, Wei Chih Peng, Yen Hua Yeh, Kwo Hwa Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Plum rains and typhoons are important weather systems in the Taiwan region. They can cause huge economic losses, but they are also considered as important water resources as they strike Taiwan annually and fill the reservoirs around the island. There are many meteorological sensors available for investigating the characteristics of weather and climate systems. Recently, the use of GPS as an alternative meteorological sensor has become popular due to the catastrophic impact of global climate change. GPS provides meteorological parameters mainly from the atmosphere. Precise Point Positioning (PPP) is a proven algorithm that has attracted attention in GPS related studies. This study uses GPS measurements collected at more than fifty reference stations of the e-GPS network in Taiwan. The first data set was collected from June 1st 2008 to June 7th 2008, which corresponds to the middle of the plum rain season in Taiwan. The second data set was collected from September 11th to September 17th 2008 during the landfall of typhoon Sinlaku. The data processing strategy is to process the measurements collected at the reference stations of the e-GPS network using the PPP technique to estimate the zenith tropospheric delay (ZTD) values of the sites; thus, the correlations between the ZTD values and the variation of rainfall during the plum rains and typhoon are analyzed. In addition, several characteristics of the meteorological events are identified using spatial and temporal analyses of the ZTD values estimated with the GPS network PPP technique.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5001-5021
Number of pages21
JournalSensors (Switzerland)
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jun 1

Fingerprint

Cyclonic Storms
Rain
rain
Taiwan
Global positioning system
zenith
positioning
sensors
Sensors
Weather
weather
typhoons
stations
Spatio-Temporal Analysis
meteorological parameters
Water Resources
water resources
Climate Change
climate change
Climate

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Biochemistry
  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "Plum rains and typhoons are important weather systems in the Taiwan region. They can cause huge economic losses, but they are also considered as important water resources as they strike Taiwan annually and fill the reservoirs around the island. There are many meteorological sensors available for investigating the characteristics of weather and climate systems. Recently, the use of GPS as an alternative meteorological sensor has become popular due to the catastrophic impact of global climate change. GPS provides meteorological parameters mainly from the atmosphere. Precise Point Positioning (PPP) is a proven algorithm that has attracted attention in GPS related studies. This study uses GPS measurements collected at more than fifty reference stations of the e-GPS network in Taiwan. The first data set was collected from June 1st 2008 to June 7th 2008, which corresponds to the middle of the plum rain season in Taiwan. The second data set was collected from September 11th to September 17th 2008 during the landfall of typhoon Sinlaku. The data processing strategy is to process the measurements collected at the reference stations of the e-GPS network using the PPP technique to estimate the zenith tropospheric delay (ZTD) values of the sites; thus, the correlations between the ZTD values and the variation of rainfall during the plum rains and typhoon are analyzed. In addition, several characteristics of the meteorological events are identified using spatial and temporal analyses of the ZTD values estimated with the GPS network PPP technique.",
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Study of alternative GPS network meteorological sensors in Taiwan : Case studies of the plum rains and typhoon sinlaku. / Chiang, Kai-Wei; Peng, Wei Chih; Yeh, Yen Hua; Chen, Kwo Hwa.

In: Sensors (Switzerland), Vol. 9, No. 6, 01.06.2009, p. 5001-5021.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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