Study of mechanical and microscopic properties of API G cement with additives exposed to CO2-rich environment

Kuan Yin Lee, Chun Chin Kuo, Chi Tai Hsieh, Hsing-I Hsiang, Chein-Lee Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Storing CO2 underground by geological reservoirs is one of the ways to reduce atmospheric greenhouse gases. In the dry situation, CO2 has not harmed. But, when doing the geological reservoirs, the situation was often on the aquifers or deep saline aquifers. CO2 combined with water will become the carbonic acid (H2CO3) that makes cement alkalinity and compressive lower. This paper attempts to study the mechanical properties, chemical compositions, and microscopic structures of API G cements with different additives in the saturated-CO2 condition (atmospheric pressure, 70°C). The additives under investigation include fly ash, bentonite, and barite with silicate that try to find better well cements in CO2 operation wells. The evolution of the mechanical properties including compressive strength and microscopic structure analysis including XRD, EDS, and SEM, were recorded over a period of 28 days. The carbonized depths of the samples over time were also observed. This study finds that the API G cement with fly ash displays the best compressive strength with deepest penetrating depth of carbonization. The API G cement with bentonite with higher water content has the lowest compressive strength with shallowest penetrating depth of carbonization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)346-350
Number of pages5
JournalYantu Lixue/Rock and Soil Mechanics
Issue numberSUPPL.2
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Aug 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Soil Science


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