Study on hydrogen-rich syngas production by dry autothermal reforming from biomass derived gas

Wei-Hsiang Lai, Ming Pin Lai, Rong Fang Horng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, the H 2-rich syngas (H 2 + CO) production from biomass derived gas (BDG) by dry autothermal reforming (DATR) is investigated. Methane and carbon dioxide is the major composition of biomass derived gas. DATR reaction combined benefits of partial oxidation (POX) and dry reforming (DR) reaction was carried out in this study. The reforming parameters on the conversion of methane and syngas selectivity were explored. The reforming parameters included the fuel feeding rate, CO 2/CH 4 and O 2/CH 4 molar ratios. The experimental results demonstrated that it not only supplied the energy required for self-sustained reaction, but also avoided the coke formation by dry autothermal reforming. It has a wide operation region to maintain the moderate production of the syngas. During the reforming process, the reformate gas temperature was between 650 and 900°C, and energy loss percentage in reforming process was between 15 and 30%. Further, high CO 2 concentration in the reactant had a considerable influence on the heat release of oxidation, and thereby decreased the reformate gas temperature. It caused the reduction of synthesis gas concentration and assisting/impeding combustion composition (A/I) ratio. However, it was favorable to CO selectivity because of the reverse water-gas shifting reaction. The H 2/CO molar ratio between 1 and 2 was achieved by varying CO 2/CH 4 molar ratio. However, the syngas concentrations were affected by CO 2/CH 4 and O 2/CH 4 molar ratio.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9619-9629
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume37
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jun 1

Fingerprint

synthesis gas
biomass
Reforming reactions
Biomass
methylidyne
Hydrogen
hydrogen
Gases
gases
gas temperature
methane
selectivity
oxidation
coke
Methane
dioxides
carbon dioxide
Oxidation
energy dissipation
Synthesis gas

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

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abstract = "In this study, the H 2-rich syngas (H 2 + CO) production from biomass derived gas (BDG) by dry autothermal reforming (DATR) is investigated. Methane and carbon dioxide is the major composition of biomass derived gas. DATR reaction combined benefits of partial oxidation (POX) and dry reforming (DR) reaction was carried out in this study. The reforming parameters on the conversion of methane and syngas selectivity were explored. The reforming parameters included the fuel feeding rate, CO 2/CH 4 and O 2/CH 4 molar ratios. The experimental results demonstrated that it not only supplied the energy required for self-sustained reaction, but also avoided the coke formation by dry autothermal reforming. It has a wide operation region to maintain the moderate production of the syngas. During the reforming process, the reformate gas temperature was between 650 and 900°C, and energy loss percentage in reforming process was between 15 and 30{\%}. Further, high CO 2 concentration in the reactant had a considerable influence on the heat release of oxidation, and thereby decreased the reformate gas temperature. It caused the reduction of synthesis gas concentration and assisting/impeding combustion composition (A/I) ratio. However, it was favorable to CO selectivity because of the reverse water-gas shifting reaction. The H 2/CO molar ratio between 1 and 2 was achieved by varying CO 2/CH 4 molar ratio. However, the syngas concentrations were affected by CO 2/CH 4 and O 2/CH 4 molar ratio.",
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Study on hydrogen-rich syngas production by dry autothermal reforming from biomass derived gas. / Lai, Wei-Hsiang; Lai, Ming Pin; Horng, Rong Fang.

In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 37, No. 12, 01.06.2012, p. 9619-9629.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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