Sub-centimeter micromachined electron microscope

A. V. Crewe, A. D. Feinerman, D. A. Crewe, Dung-Ching Perng, S. E. Shoaf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


A new approach for fabricating macroscopic (— 10X 10X10 mm3 structures with micrometer accuracy has been developed. This approach combines the precision of semiconductor processing and fiber optic technologies. A (100) silicon wafer is anisotropicaily etched to create four orthogonal v-grooves and an aperture on each 10 X 12 mm die. Precision 308 μm optical fibers are sandwiched between the die to align the v-grooves. The fiber is then anodically bonded to the die above and below it. This procedure is repeated to create thick structures and a stack of 5 or 6 die will be used to create a miniature scanning electron microscope (MSEM). Two die in the structure will have a segmented electrode to deflect the beam and correct for astigmatism. The entire structure is ultrahigh vacuum compatible. The performance of a SEM improves as its length is reduced and a suh-cm 2 keV MSEM with a field emission source should have approximately 1 nm resolution. A low-voltage high-resolution MSEM would be useful for the examination of biological specimens and semiconductors with a minimum of damage. The first MSEM will be tested with existing 6 μm thermionic sources. In the future a micromachined field emission source will be used. The stacking technology presented in this paper can produce an array of MSEMs 1–30 mm in length with a 1 mm or larger period. A key question being addressed by this research is the optimum size for a low-voltage MSEM which will be determined by the required spatial resolution, field of view, and working distance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)611-616
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Vacuum Science and Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces and Films
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1992 Jan 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


Dive into the research topics of 'Sub-centimeter micromachined electron microscope'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this