Dynamic tongue base thickness (TBT) may be an important anatomic factor in airway narrowing in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The development of an accurate clinical assessment of the retroglossal airway in patients with OSA is still evolving. Submental ultrasound was used to investigate the association between measurements of TBT in response to negative airway pressure and the existence of OSA. Twenty OSA patients and 20 control participants underwent ultrasound measurement of TBT on eupneic breathing and with the Mueller maneuver, as well as clinical and polysomnographic assessments. Logistic regression analyses indicated that after adjustment for confounding factors, independent predictors of OSA included TBT in response to negative airway pressure, as measured by submental ultrasound with the Mueller maneuver (odds ratio: 2.11, 95% confidence interval: 1.15-3.87, p<0.05), and the difference between TBT with the Muller maneuver and that without the Mueller maneuver (odds ratio: 2.47, 95% confidence interval: 1.09-5.58, p<0.05). Ultrasound measurement of TBT during the Mueller maneuver provides a quantitative assessment of the retroglossal airway in OSA patients with minimal invasiveness and easy accessibility.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology|
|Publication status||Published - 2014 Nov 1|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
- Acoustics and Ultrasonics