The authors describe a 5-year-old boy with beta-thalassemia major who received bone marrow transplantation (BMT) from a human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched unrelated donor. The conditioning regimen consisted of 16 mg/kg busulfan and 200 mg/kg cyclophosphamide. The transplantation was complicated with grade II graft-versus-host disease, although prophylaxis with cyclosporine and short-term methotrexate was carried out. Cytomegalovirus disease occurred at 2 months after transplantation but was controlled successfully. The child remains disease-free and in good clinical condition 53 months after BMT. The authors suggest that BMT from an HLA-matched unrelated donor could be considered as an alternative treatment in patients with beta-thalassemia major when no HLA-matched donor is available.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health